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Oral, Dental and Maxillofacial Diseases and Surgery is the surgical branch of dentistry that diagnoses and treats diseases, injuries and deformities related to the mouth, teeth and jaws.


It is applied in the treatment of tooth extraction, impacted tooth treatment, implant, jaw fracture treatment, tumors, abscesses and cysts. Oral, Dental and Maxillofacial Diseases and Surgery is the department that performs the surgical treatments needed for the correction of diseases, injuries or disorders in the hard and soft tissues of the head, neck, face and jaws and jaw and facial regions. 

Dental problems and oral health problems can sometimes not be solved with only medication and minor operations. In such cases, surgical applications come into play. Surgical interventions for various ailments in the teeth and mouth are important to avoid health problems. 


Wisdom Teeth Extraction 

Wisdom teeth are teeth that erupt during youth. These teeth, which are usually non-functional, are extracted by surgical intervention. In addition, wisdom teeth that begin to erupt cause pain and pain. In patients who do not want to experience this pain, the covering tissue on the wisdom teeth can be cut and the tooth can be extracted. Since the wisdom teeth dental operations are performed under local anesthesia, there is no pain or ache. For this reason, wisdom tooth extraction is an operation that can be applied in a short time in maxillofacial surgery. 

Surgical Procedures Applied for Dental and Oral Problems 

  • Surgical Procedures Applied for Dental and Oral Problems 
  • Impacted tooth extraction 
  • Wisdom teeth extraction 
  • Apical resection 
  • Treatment of cysts and abscesses in the teeth 
  • Bone augmentation 
  • Impacted Tooth Extraction 

As a result of some pathological events in the tooth roots and jawbone, trapped teeth, which we call impacted teeth, may occur. The main reason for this is that these pathological formations, namely cysts, cause deformations in the jawbone and allow the tooth to be embedded inward. Earlier detected pathological structure or impacted teeth cause less damage to the jawbone and their operations take a shorter time. Since all impacted tooth procedures are under local anesthesia, there is no pain or suffering here. In impacted tooth surgeries, the area where the tooth is located is anesthetized with local anesthesia, the bone around the tooth is removed and the impacted tooth is extracted. After tooth extraction, the treatment process of the wound is started by suturing. After approximately one week to 10 days, the sutures are removed and the treatment is terminated. 

What is Wisdom teeth and how many of them? 

Tooth development begins with the deciduous teeth, which are completed between the ages of 6 months and 3 years in infancy, 10 at the bottom and 10 at the top, in total 20. Then, starting from the age of 9-10 years old, the milk teeth gradually fall out and leave their place to adult teeth. Of the adult teeth (main teeth), which should be 32 in total, 28 are completed during childhood and early adolescence. The remaining 4 molars are the wisdom teeth in the back of the upper and lower jaws. As the name suggests, these teeth, which erupt around the age of 20, usually cannot come out in a healthy way. It can remain embedded or semi-buried, or it can bring many negative consequences such as compression of the oral cavity due to insufficient space, damage to other teeth, and pain. These teeth do not cause any problems in individuals with a suitable jaw structure and sufficient exit space behind the molars for wisdom teeth. However, the wisdom teeth, which are located far behind and in a difficult to reach position, may not be cleaned adequately even in individuals who regularly perform oral and dental care. For such reasons, in some cases, wisdom teeth may need to be removed or surgically removed if they are impacted. 

What are the Symptoms of Wisdom Teeth Impact? 

Wisdom teeth, which can find enough space in the gums and come out as they should, develop in a healthy way and do not cause any signs of discomfort. However, most people’s wisdom teeth cause problems due to the lack of this area. Common symptoms during eruption or impaction of wisdom teeth include: 

  • Pain in the teeth and gums, 
  • Gum tenderness, 
  • Pain in the jaw and ear, 
  • Swelling in the lymph nodes, 
  • Headache, 
  • Bad odor in the mouth, 
  • Pain when chewing 

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