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Root Canal Treatment

When we examine the tooth from the outside to the inside; It consists of 3 main layers: enamel, dentin and pulp. The natural space in the center of the tooth is also called the root canal.



When we examine the tooth from the outside to the inside; It consists of 3 main layers: enamel, dentin and pulp. The natural space in the center of the tooth is also called the root canal. Pulp is the name given to the soft tissue inside the root canal. The pulp is rich in nerves and blood vessels that feed the tooth. When the infection progresses to the pulp layer, the pulp layer must be cleaned and refilled. During root canal treatment, the pulp and dental nerve are removed, the inside of the tooth is cleaned, and then the gap is filled. When the pulp and nerves inside the pulp are removed, the tooth can fulfill its basic function. Removal of the nerves is not vital, but severe pain is prevented. The most important task of the dental nerves is sensory functions such as feeling the feeling of heat and cold. If this treatment is not performed, the caries will go deep and the nerves will become inflamed. Later on, abscesses can be seen. Abscesses can cause visible problems in the face, neck and other parts of the head.


Root canal treatment is a treatment method used to repair decayed or infected teeth. Decays that occur in the tooth should be treated before it is too late. If not treated in time, the caries goes deep and causes inflammation when it reaches the nerve area of ​​the tooth. Inflammation of these dental nerves also causes them to experience increasing toothache.


Root canal treatment should be performed by an endodontist and dentist. In root canal treatment, an X-ray must be taken first. The purpose of this X-ray is to see the shape of the root canals and to determine the infection in the bones. Local anesthesia is used in root canal treatment. Since local anesthesia will be used, no pain or pain is felt during the procedure. After the necessary examinations are made with the x-ray, the dentist will drill a hole in the root canal. Decayed nerve tissue, pulp and single-celled microorganisms (bacteria) are removed from this hole. The cleaning process is done in detail. To implement this process, the channel must be widened. Water or sodium hypochlorite components are used in the cleaning process. After the inner part of the tooth is thoroughly cleaned, the opened hole is closed. When the tooth is to be closed, a substance called gutta-percha, which is a high-strength paste that will prevent leakage, is used into the hole. Then, the external access hole opened at the beginning of the treatment is closed with a filling.


The duration of root canal treatment may differ from person to person. Generally, the tooth is closed on the day it is cleaned. The treatment process takes between 40 and 90 minutes on average. Depending on the infection in the tooth, your doctor may want to wait 1 week to close the canal after the canal is expanded and cleaned. The reason for this is to thoroughly clean the infection inside. The medicine put before closing will help to clear the infection in 1 week.

Things to Consider After Root Canal Treatment

-A tooth treated after root canal treatment should not be used.

-Do not eat anything for 2-3 hours after root canal treatment.

Extremely cold and hot drinks should be avoided. Warm and liquid products should be preferred.

Medicines given by the dentist should be used.

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