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Gum Dısease

Gum Disease is an inflammation of the gums in general. The main cause of dental disease and gum disease is bacteria that adhere to the teeth and gums like plaque.


Main Causes of Gum Disease

  • It is known that smoking causes many diseases. Smoking is also a very important factor in gum disease. Smoking causes further progression of diseases and delays the healing process.
  • Excessive and irregular use of drugs also causes yellowing of our teeth and gum diseases. We must get approval from our dentist for the drugs we use regularly.
  • Diabetes – Individuals with diabetes are likely to experience gum disease. Diabetes and diabetic patients should pay more attention to their oral hygiene.
  • Malnutrition is very important for gum diseases. A healthy diet should be preferred.
  • There is also a high genetic predisposition to gingival diseases. If there is someone in the family with gum disease, it is recommended that other members keep it under control.

Stages of Gum Diseases

Gingivitis: It is the earliest stage of gum disease. It is formed as a result of the accumulation of plaques. While the disease is at this stage, bleeding may occur in the gums while brushing.

Periodontitis: It is the stage in which tooth fibers and bones are severely damaged. This stage is supported by antibiotic therapy.

Advanced periodontitis: It is the stage where tooth fibers and bones are damaged and reach the final point. The treatment process of this stage is intense. If the teeth are not salvageable, they should be extracted.

Treatment of Gum Diseases

The appropriate treatment process is determined to clean the microorganisms that accumulate between the teeth and the gums. First, the density of microorganisms is checked and planning is done. Brushing and flossing with our own methods is not enough to remove microorganisms. Curettage, Flap, Crown Lengthening and Gingivoplasty are some of the procedures applied. It is recommended to have regular checkups and dental calculus cleaning in order to prevent gum diseases.

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